Robot is a modern invention that is sturdily constructed with mechanical as well as electrical units and is automated to perform various tasks that humans can perform. Different
types of robots are designed to perform different tasks in various fields. Besides, tasks delegated to robots have grown swiftly. The robots categorized as per their application
are as follows:
TALON / SWORDS Platforms
Versatility has been designed into the TALON as well, with multiple possible configurations available that adapt the robot to the situation at hand. The basic TALON includes audio and video listening devices and a mechanical arm. A lightweight (60-lb/27-kg) version omits the arm. TALONs were used for search and rescue at WTC Ground Zero, and they have been used in Bosnia , Afghanistan and Iraq for the disposal of live grenades , improvised explosive devices and other dangerous explosives.
Recently, the TALON has taken on an even bigger role. All TALONs are now equipped with chemical, gas, temperature and radiation sensors. "TALON robots are being configured with M240 or M249 machine guns or Barrett 50-caliber rifles and grenade launchers and anti-tank rockets," according to manufacturer Foster-Miller.
The Most Advanced Quadruped Robot on Earth
Flying Bots: Global Hawk and Pointer
The military uses several different flying robots, mainly for reconnaissance . Instead of UGVs, these are known as UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles), and they are sometimes referred to as drones . UAVs look like model aircraft, and they range in size from small planes that can be held by a person and launched with a good throw, like the FQM-151 Pointer, to full-size airplanes that operate by remote control, like the RQ-4A Global Hawk.
Global Hawk Specifications
• Length: 44 ft 4.75 in (13.53 m)
• Wingspan: 116 ft 2.5 in (35.42 m)
• Height: 15 ft 2.5 in (4.64 m)
• Weight empty: 14,800 lb (6,710 kg)
• Weight max: 25,600 lb (11,600 kg)
• Speed: 403 mph (648 kph)
• Ceiling: 65,000 ft (19,800 m)
• Range: 11,730 nautical miles (21,720 km)
• Endurance: 36 hours
• Propulsion: Rolls-Royce/Allison F137-AD-100 turbofan
Flying Bots: Predator
Reconnaissance plays a key role in military planning -- drones help military commanders keep track of their own troops and also spot enemy troops that might be waiting to ambush U.S. soldiers.
Flying robots like the Predator provide constant real-time data on troop movements, enemy locations and weather. In at least one case, a flying robot did a lot more than just spot the enemy: Predators can be fitted with Hellfire missiles, and when one of these Air Force drones spotted an anti-aircraft gun in southern Iraq in March 2003, it used one of the Hellfires to take it out.
The Pentagon is trying to develop "insect cyborgs" able to sniff out explosives, or "bug" conversations by lurking unseen in enemy hideouts with micro-transmitters strapped to their bodies. The U.S. Department of Defense is considering fielding an army of remote-controlled insect spybots as scouts. DARPA, says it is seeking "innovative proposals to develop technology to create insect cyborgs," by implanting tiny devices into insect bodies while the animals are in their larva or pupal stage.
The devices DARPA wants to implant are micro-electro-mechanical systems, or MEMS. MEMS technology uses tiny silicon wafers like those used as the basis for computer microchips. But instead of merely laying circuits on them, MEMS technology can actually cut and shape the silicon, turning the chip into a microscopic mechanical device. This transforms the insects into "predictable devices that can be used for various micro-UAV missions requiring unobtrusive entry into areas inaccessible or hostile to humans."
Cornell University has implanted a silicon chips inside flying insects to control their movement. The results were published June 22 by AZoNano . These “insect cyborg
sentinels” ranging from cicadas to dragonflies are a new pass in cyborg technology. The project intends to control the insects' movement by motion trajectories obtained from GPS
coordinates or from using an ultrasonic based remote control. Gaining control of an insect's movement is necessary because it enables scientists to position the insect in an area
where a toxic substance is suspected to be present
Many of today's military robots are still somewhat limited in their autonomy and their range. They are essentially tethered to human controllers. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Black Ops government think tank researches develops future technologies for the new military, recently held a widely publicized robot race to see how far along robot AI has come. Modern AI is still somewhat limited but advancements are accelerating exponentially at an alarming rate. From massive troop transports to micro-nano spybots it is expected that by 2025 the battlefield will be a hybrid blend of soldier and cyborg robot.